Self-funded dAPIs are single-source data feeds that are funded by the users with their own funds. The amount of gas supplied determines how long the dAPI will be available to use. If it runs out of gas, the dAPI will no longer be updated unless it is funded again.
Unlike Managed dAPIs, self-funded dAPIs are single-source data feeds. The data is sourced from a single first-party data provider running an Airnode and an Airseeker which updates the beaconId with Airnode's signed data. The gas costs for self-funded dAPIs are managed by the users themselves. As long as the sponsor wallet of the dAPI has enough gas, it will be updated.
Datafeed values for Self-funded dAPIs are also stored on-chain within the same Api3ServerV1.sol contract and are updated on the basis of beaconIds. The provider who is running an Airnode is also running an Airseeker that is responsible for updating the values of each beaconId for each dAPI.
dAPIs are human-readable mappings that maps to a certain beaconId.
A beaconId for each dAPI is derived from the hash of the provider's Airnode's address and its Template ID(a hash of one of the Airnode's endpointId and encoded parameters).
For each beacon, there is a dedicated Sponsor wallet that is used to pay for the gas costs of updating the beacon. The Sponsor wallet is derived from the beaconId ,its update parameters and the extended Public key of the Airseeker mnemonic.
Like Airnode, Airseeker is a serverless lambda function that is responsible for updating the values of each beaconId for each dAPI. It is used to update the beacons with signed responses from Airnode's HTTP-Gateway.
Airseeker uses Airnode's built-in HTTP-Gateway to receive signed data and push it on-chain in a tamper proof way.
No aggregation services are provided for self-funded dAPIs.
For Self-funded dAPIs, A single data provider is running its own Airnode and Airseeker and the dAPIs are pointed to it's own beaconIds. Anyone who decides to fund a self-funded dAPI will be funding the the data provider's underlying beaconId and their Sponsor wallets.
Currently, for self-funded dAPIs, Nodary is the data provider. Nodary is an independent group within the API3 Ecosystem that are building high-impact oracle services. They currently operate 139 crypto, forex, stock and commodity asset price data feeds each on 24 chains, adding up to a total 3336 unique data feeds.